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Research in the News

UC scientists launch first probe of well water before fracking begins to set baseine standards.

View the future heroes of medical research...COEC Director, Erin Haynes, DrPH, was a semi-finalist for a LabTV video profile! Check it out here!

Cincinnati Scientists focus on high-risk, high-reward cancer research

University of Cincinnati Researcher and Professor Looks for Fracking Answers in the Air

Air Quality Studied in Carroll to Determine Impact of Fracking

Here's Why UC Researchers are Digging into Fracking

 

Pregnant Women at Risk near E-Waste Recycling Sites

The newest models of computers and cell phones are in demand, but what happens to last year’s products that get discarded? This electronic (e-) waste is typically sent overseas to countries like China, India, and West Africa where the valuable materials like gold, copper, aluminum, iron, and platinum are extracted. Although recycling is an environmentally-friendly process, many e-waste recycling sites around the world use hazardous burning and acid baths to extract these valuable materials. The rest gets dumped as waste. Adults and children work, and sometimes live, among the recycling facilities and can come in contact with a mix of chemicals like lead, cadmium, polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs).

According to a research study by University of Cincinnati investigators in the Center for Environmental Genetics (CEG) Aimin Chen, MD, PhD, Kim Dietrich, PhD, Xia Huo, MD, PhD, Shuk-mei Ho, PhD, and Tiina Reponen, PhD, pregnant women and children in e-waste communities may be at risk of possible changes in child neurological development because many chemicals in e-waste are neurotoxic. Other health issues include respiratory problems and skin burning.

To access the full research article, click here.

Photo: Piles of e-waste at a small workshop in Guiyu, China. Source: National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Environmental Factor, Xia Huo

 

Diesel Exhaust Can Change DNA

University of Cincinnati investigators in the Center for Environmental Genetics, led by Dr. Shuk-Mei Ho, have found that breathing Children & Exhaust 032013diesel exhaust can alter an individual's genetic code or DNA. These DNA alterations referred to as epigenetic changes, can be handed down from generation to generation. The epigenetic changes were identified in samples of saliva in children participating in the Cincinnati Childhood Allergy and Air Pollution Study (CCAAPS), led by Dr. Grace LeMasters. This is the first time that epigenetic changes have been found in DNA from saliva associating long term diesel exhaust exposure to asthma and wheezing in children.  These and other data from the CCAAPS study have been used to provide incentives for retrofitting trucks and buses in Cincinnati and across the nation. For more information about this study click here for a link to the complete article or to learn more about research in the CEG, click here.

 

Proposed Limits Put Focus on Arsenic in Juice

Nation's first Center for Environmental Genetics houses historic Fernald samples

Mold Exposure in Infancy May Raise Asthma Risk

Does Air Pollution Cause Asthma?

U.S. Tightens Lead Poisoning Guidelines

Second-hand Smoke Worse for Young Girls

ADHD linked to traffic pollution

CARES Essay Contest Winners Announced

Environmental Health Experts Offer Sustaining Advice

Event Addresses Impact of Traffic Exhuast on Children's Health

 

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